优质护理在卵巢囊肿围术期护理中的应用效果

作者:未知

  [摘要]目的 探讨优质护理在卵巢囊肿围术期护理中的应用效果。方法 选取2016年12月~2018年6月我院收治的80例卵巢囊肿切除术后患者作为研究对象,按照护理方式的不同分为观察组和对照组,每组各40例。对照组应用常规护理方案,观察组应用优质护理方案。比较两组的术后排气时间,术后首次下床时间、住院时间及护理总满意度。结果 观察组的术后排气时间、术后首次下床时间及住院时间短于对照组,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05);观察组的护理总满意度高于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论 卵巢囊肿切除术后患者应用优质护理能缩短术后排气时间,术后首次下床时间及住院时间,提高护理满意度,值得临床推广应用。
  [关键词]卵巢囊肿切除术;优质护理;临床效果
  [中图分类号] R713.6     [文献标识码] A     [文章编号] 1674-4721(2019)11(c)-0242-04
  Application effect of high quality nursing in the perioperative nursing of ovarian cyst
  SUN Yan
  Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Fengcheng People′s Hospital of Jiangxi Province, Fengcheng   331100, China
  [Abstract] Objective To explore the application effect of high quality nursing in the perioperative nursing of ovarian cyst. Methods A total of 80 patients with ovarian cyst after resection in our hospital from December 2016 to June 2018 were selected as the study object, they were divided into observation group and control group according to the different nursing methods, 40 cases in each group. The routine nursing plan was used in the control group and the high quality nursing plan was used in the observation group. The postoperative exhaust time, the first time of getting out of bed, the time of hospitalization and the total nursing satisfaction were compared between the two groups. Results The time of exhausting air, getting out of bed for the first time and staying in hospital in the observation group were shorter than those in the control group, the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). The total nursing satisfaction of the observation group was higher than that of the control group, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion The application of high-quality nursing can shorten the postoperative exhaust time, the first time to get out of bed and hospital stay, and improve the nursing satisfaction, which is worthy of clinical application.
  [Key words] Ovarian cyst after resection; High quality nursing; Clinical effect
  卵巢囊腫是卵巢肿瘤中发病率最高的一种疾病,卵巢囊肿可以在女性所有年龄阶段出现,卵巢囊肿蒂扭转在女性附件扭转中最常见[1]。目前针对卵巢囊肿的治疗主要采用手术的方式,调查显示,手术治疗常能取得较好的治疗效果,但缺乏相应护理后会影响患者康复,因此良好的护理十分重要,优质护理作为新的护理方案,经过较长时间的应用已获得广泛认可,优质护理要求护理人员在实际护理工作中,学习新的护理理念,在患者入院至出院后给予连续性优质护理,构建相对和谐的护患关系,全面提升护理质量[2]。本研究旨在探讨优质护理在卵巢囊肿围术期护理中的应用效果,现报道如下。
  1资料与方法
  1.1一般资料
  选取2016年12月~2018年6月我院收治的80例卵巢囊肿切除术后患者作为研究对象,按照护理方式的不同分为观察组和对照组,每组各40例。观察组中,年龄29~57岁,平均(53.41±6.23)岁;囊肿直径4.7~10.8 cm,平均(7.21±1.44)cm;未婚15例,已婚25例;左侧囊肿18例,右侧囊肿22例;术中快速病理活检:卵巢巧克力囊肿18例,单纯卵巢囊肿14例,畸胎瘤5例,其他3例;受教育程度:小学以下5例,初中程度13例,中专及高中16例,大学及以上6例。对照组中,年龄27~56岁,平均(52.99±6.23)岁;囊肿直径4.6~11.2 cm,平均(7.65±1.31)cm;未婚17例,已婚23例;左侧囊肿16例,右侧囊肿24例;术中快速病理活检:卵巢巧克力囊肿19例,单纯卵巢囊肿15例,畸胎瘤4例,其他2例;受教育程度:小学以下4例,初中程度14例,中专及高中17例,大学及以上5例。两组患者的年龄、囊肿直径、婚姻状况、囊肿位置、术中快速病理活检及受教育程度等一般资料比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),具有可比性。本研究已经医院医学院伦理委员会审核批准。
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