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浙江省杭州市医护人员肌少症知信行现状调查分析

来源:用户上传      作者:钟静 沈鸣霞 汪铭涵 汤真清

  摘 要 目的:了解浙江省杭州市t护人员的肌少症认知、信念和行为现状。方法:于2022年1月采用分层抽样方法选取浙江省杭州市8家社区卫生服务中心、2家公立医疗机构和1家民营医疗机构的医护人员进行问卷调查,共纳入163名。结果:163名医护人员的肌少症相关知识认知率为49.8%,不同职称和在不同时间参加肌少症相关知识培训的医护人员肌少症认知情况差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。医护人员对肌少症信念条目比较赞同和非常赞同的比例之和总体较高,除肌少症在老年人中发病率较高的条目外,其余条目的比较赞同和非常赞同比例之和均超过80.0%。医护人员各项肌少症行为条目中,选择从不或偶尔的占比较高,比例之和均接近或超过50.0%。结论:浙江省杭州市医护人员对肌少症相关知识的认知、信念和行为情况仍有待提升,医护人员应积极参加各类学习,主动在日常工作中开展肌少症评估,增强对肌少症相关知识的早期识别和干预意识,以期改善肌少症知信行现状。
  关键词 肌少症;认知;信念;行为
  中图分类号:R685 文献标志码:A 文章编号:1006-1533(2022)16-0018-05
  引用本文 钟静, 沈鸣霞, 汪铭涵, 等. 浙江省杭州市医护人员肌少症知信行现状调查分析[J]. 上海医药, 2022, 43(16): 18-22.
  Investigation and analysis of cognition, belief and behavior of sarcopenia among the medical staff in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province
  ZHONG Jing1, SHEN Mingxia2, WANG Minghan3, TANG Zhenqing4
  (1. Nursing Department of Sijiqing Community Health Service Center of Shangcheng District of Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310020, China; 2. Nursing Department of Jiading Community Health Service Center of Jiading District, Shanghai 201899, China; 3. School of Public Health of Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 201203, China; 4. Health Policy Research Department of Shanghai Health Development Research Center, Shanghai 200040, China)
  ABSTRACT Objective: To understand the current situation of cognition, belief and behavior of sarcopenia among medical staff in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. Methods: In January 2022, medical staff from 8 community health service centers, 2 public medical institutions and 1 private medical institution in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province were selected by stratified sampling method, and a total of 163 medical staff were included in the questionnaire survey. Results: The cognition rate of sarcopenia-related knowledge among 163 medical staff was 49.8%, and the differences in sarcopenia cognition among medical staff with different titles and those who attended sarcopenia-related knowledge training at different time were statistically significant(P<0.05). The sum of the proportions of medical staff who relatively agreed and totally agreed with the entries on belief about sarcopenia was generally higher, and except for the item that sarcopenia had a higher incidence in the elderly, the sum of the proportions of relatively agreeing and strongly agreeing for the other items exceeded 80.0%. Among the sarcopenia behavior items of medical staff, the proportion of choosing never or occasionally was higher, and the sum of the proportions was close to or exceeded 50.0%. Conclusion: The cognition, belief and behavior of sarcopenia-related knowledge among medical staff in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province still need to be improved, medical staff should actively participate in various types of learning, actively carry out sarcopenia assessment in their daily work, and enhance their awareness of early recognition and intervention of sarcopenia-related knowledge in order to improve the current status of sarcopenia cognition, belief and behavior.

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